iPhone is a smartphone line marketed by Apple since June 29, 2007.
The models in the range, whose interface is based on a multi-point capacitive touchscreen, feature a camera that also functions as a camera, a built-in geolocation system that allows location in seconds thanks to A-GPS and GLONASS systems, as well as included digital mapping software, an integrated iPod that allows you to listen to and download music via the iTunes Store download platform and Apple Music Service (Safari to browse the web, or Mail to send/consult your email), desktop applications and basic functions such as SMS and MMS; they also have visual voicemail as a way to access voicemail, and the App Store, Apple’s download platform that allows you to download apps ranging from games to utilities to television and electronic press. While the iPhone is not historically the first smartphone, it remains the device that has transformed the smartphone market into mass consumer products.
As of September 10, 2019, twenty-four different iPhone models have been on the market since 2007: one per year until 2012, two in 2013, 2014, 2015 and three in 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019. Each time, they are accompanied by a new version of the iOS operating system, which is in its 13.2 version. As of September 2018, there are more than 2 billion mobile devices running iOS3.
The first MODELS EDGE (2007), 3G (2008), 3GS (2009), 4 (2010), 4S (2011), 5 (2012), 5c (2013) and 5s (2013), as well as some as the 6 and 6 Plus (2014), 6s and 6s Plus (2015), SE (2016), 7 and 7 Plus (2016), X (2017), XS and XS Max (2018) are no longer in production. Only iPhone 8 and 8 Plus (2017), XR (2018) and the latest 11, 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max (2019) are still on the market. The edge iPhones, 3G, 3GS, 4, 4S, 5, 5c, 5s, 6 and 6 Plus no longer benefit from iOS4 software improvements since switching to iOS 3.1.3, 4.2.1, 6.1.6, 7.1.2, 9.3.5, 10.3.3 and 12.4.1 available for other models from iPhone 6. The arrival in September 2018 of the iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max, and in October the iPhone XR coincides with that of the new operating system iOS 12.
In 2016, the iPhone is one of the 50 most influential technology gadgets of all time
Steve Jobs presents, after months of rumors and speculation, the very first iPhone on January 9, 2007. Retroactively called “iPhone EDGE” or “iPhone 2G”, it was launched in the United States on June 29, 2007, before being marketed in some European countries at the end of that year. It has a four-band, EDGE-compatible mobile phone. In France, the iPhone 2G or EDGE was only available on the Orange network.
The iPhone 3G is released on January 11, 2008 worldwide (July 18 in France), it is compatible with the 3G UMTS standard with HSDPA 3.6 Mbps and incorporates a GPS.
The iPhone 3GS, which looks the same, has a built-in video camera, better definition for its photo function (3 Mpx vs. 2 Mpx and autofocus), better range and better performance (the speed hence the “S” for 3GS speed)4 and includes a voice command and compass. It supports downloading 3G data at 7.2 Mb/s HSDPA, but still restricts it to 384 kb/s in upload, as Apple has not implemented the HSUPA protocol. It has been on the market since June 19, 2009 in the United States, Canada and six European countries.
The iPhone 4 was announced at the June 7, 2010 conference (at the same time as iOS 4) by Steve Jobs and features, compared to the 3GS model, a quadrupled screen definition (960-640 pixels vs. 480-320 pixels) called a Retina display, an LED flash, a 5MP camera, a front-facing camera for video conferencing via FaceTime (only works in Wi-Fi and then 3G under iOS 6), a new all-glass design and a stainless-air hoop.
The iPhone 4S, which looks identical to the iPhone 4, was introduced at Apple’s Cupertino headquarters by Tim Cook, the firm’s new CEO, on October 4, 2011. Featuring a new “A5 twin-hearted” chip, it features an 8MP camera, a new antenna system and the Siri voice-recognition personal assistant, powered by the iOS 5 operating system, which is simultaneously marketed on October 14, 2011. The 4S “S” means “Siri” and not “speed” as for 3GS[insufficient source].
The iPhone 5, powered by iOS 6 with the new A6 chip, was presented at the inaugural speech on September 12, 2012. Its screen is longer with 8.85 cm but the same width as all its predecessors with 4.99 cm. The definition is 1,136 – 640 pixels, 16/9 format. It is thinner (7.6 mm), lighter (112 g) and has a larger display area with 44 cm2. It is also, along with the new generation of iPodand iPad, one of the first Apple mobile devices to abandon the 30-pin connector (used for USB connection), existing since 2003, to replace it with a new connector called “Lightning”, reversible and smaller. The back of the iPhone 5 is made of anodized 6000 Series aluminum with glazed ceramic inserts at the top and bottom of the case (for the white-silver model) or tinted glass (for the black-slate model). Phil Schiller of Apple described the device as “the thinnest iPhone to date.” The battery capacity is almost identical with 1,440 mAh. It supports the 4G LTE standard, but is not compatible with all networks, depending on the choice of frequency bands used in each country. It also has a new type of SIM card: the nano-SIM.
The iPhone 5s and iPhone 5c, officially announced on September 10, 2013, were available for pre-order on September 13, 2013 for 5c, and September 20, 2013 for 5s7. They are equipped with the new iOS 7. The iPhone 5c is a mid-range model, with a plastic shell in five different colors (white, pink, yellow, blue and green). The iPhone 5s, a high-end model, includes a new 64-bit A7 processor, a new M7 coprocessor, a fingerprint sensor (Touch ID), consisting of a sapphire crystal, a stainless steel detection ring, a unique touch capacitive sensor, but also a better iSight camera, etc. It is available in three colours (sidereal grey, gold and silver). These iPhones are compatible with the 4G LTE standard and allow the use of more frequency bands by operators compared to the iPhone 5